Madhubani Art is one of the most famous Indian Folk Paintings originated from the Mithila region of Nepal and India. It was mainly practiced by women of rural Bihar to decorate their mud huts during the festive occasions. The Art has been followed by traditional people of Bihar & nowadays the painting is being done on canvas, cloth, and handmade paper.
As the time passes, this Art began turning into a piece of merriment and extraordinary occasions. Gradually Madhubani Art of India crossed the conventional limits and began achieving authorities of workmanship, both at the national and the global level.
Madhubani Art made by local people of Bihar have been rehearsing society expressions since the 1800’s. The ladies have been passing their insight and lessons to the next generation & showing them the aesthetic examples and colors minimal known to the outside world.
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Madhubani Art is painted using natural colors such as ochre, charcoal soot, flowers, turmeric, sandalwood, apple and banyan tree leaves and paste of powdered rice. Painting is done with the help of twigs, fingers, and brushes without making any prior sketch.
Madhubani Art are mostly seen with geometrical & floral designs. The most drawn themes belongs to Hindu deities such as Shiva, Rama, Krishna, Durga, Lakshmi and Saraswat & to nature such as Sun, Moon, holy plants like Tulsi, Peacock and some animals for filling the gaps in between the images. During some important & auspicious events like marriages, childbirth and festivals such as Holi, Diwali, Durga Pooja, Surya Pooja etc.
The Madhubani Art is divided into 3 famous styles according to their caste system
1. Brahman: Being highest in the caste, Brahmins were allowed to design & color their painting using bright colors hues. The usually made religious portrait of God and Goddesses, thanks to their easy access to all holy books, it got much easier for them to make religious & mythological motifs.
2. Kayastha: The Kayasthas are on the second in the caste system after Brahmans. Kayastha are believed to be great warriors and braves & they got the style of painting and showcasing fertility. Animals & flowering plants including holy animals, birds, and plants such as lotus, parrot, peacock, fish and tortoise.
3. Dusadh: The third and lower caste in the hierarchy of caste system. The Dusadh people were not allowed to use any sort of religious motifs in their paintings & their style of painting is otherwise called Tattoo or Godhana painting. Regular themes of vegetation can be found in their specialty. With time, as the social acknowledgment broadened, they have now begun painting themes of divine god and goddesses. And nowadays their utilization of dynamic hues is very like the Brahmin style of painting.
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Always known as the ladies’ craft, nowadays the innovative world sees a sexual orientation move where men are seen adding their imaginative touch to this conventional artistic form. In current circumstances, the masters are back-pedalling to the rich material legacy of this workmanship and resuscitating this craftsmanship by outlining Madhubani sarees, dupattas, and the Indo-western dresses.
At various fashion weeks, fashioners have exhibited shades filled gathering of Madhubani outlines. From sarees, salwar kameez, long skirts, and palazzo jeans are wonderfully planned in Madhubani Art.
Expectedly, this Art form was done to beautify and add hues to homes. In any case, with evolving times, it is currently even done on high-quality paper-mâché items and divider works of art. Paper stands, magazine case, games like Ludo, and adornments boxes made of papier-mâché, book marks, stamps and wall hanging are painted with Madhubani outlines.
Foreign scholars have played a significant role in advancing the Madhubani painting globally. The very first person to visit Mithila and promote the art was a French journalist and author Yves Vequad, in the mid-1970s. His exploration created a book and a film, The Ladies Painters of Mithila. He was soon trailed by the German anthropologist and folklorist Erika Moser. Moser and Raymond Lee Owens, an American who set up the Master Craftsmen Association of Mithila in 1977.
The association is still running and gives the craftsmen of the Mithila region a standard salary through presentations, and deals with gatherers and craftsmanship exhibitions. In Japan, there is a gallery called ‘Mithila Historical Center which has more than 850 Madhubani work of Art is showcased.
The legacy of Madhubani Art is no less than 2,500 years; however, it is amid the previous decade that this craftsmanship has increased much noticeable quality and is being commended in the design world. The specialty of Madhubani paintings and creativity of the Artist is renowned in India as well as appreciated by the people all over the world.